The Funambulist Nº16

Proletarian Fortresses

MARCH – APRIL 2018

Proletarian Fortresses is an issue that proposes a resolutely political reading of self-built neighborhoods, appropriated architectures, refugee camps, and worker quarters. Constructed against the humanitarian and romanticizing orientalist narratives, it insists that these urban forms exist in the tension of what they are prevented to be by various embodiment of state violence and what they succeed in being thanks to their residents’ daily resistance. Commissioned contributions take us in São Paulo’s favelas (Jaime A. Alves), Morocco’s self-constructed douars (Soraya El Kahlaoui) and colonial worker quarters (L’Uzine), Palestinian refugee camps in Gaza (Ahmed al Shanti) and the West Bank (Ahmad Alaqra), Hong Kong’s late Kowloon Walled City (Sharon Lam), Lisbon’s Cape Verdian, Angolan, and Gypsy’s bairros (Ana Naomi de Sousa & António Brito Guterres), and Paris’ Roma slums (Henry Shah), while student projects are situated in Amman (Majed Abdulsamad, Jun Seong Ahn, Maria Isabel Carrasco, & Haochen Yang), Aleppo (Aleksander Nowak), and Athens (Ida Helen Skogstad). Lastly, the guest columns bring us news “from the fronts” in the Basque Country (Ula Iruretagoiena & Ibon Salaberria), Dhaka (Parsa Sajid) and Puerto Rico (Marisol LeBrón & Javier Arbona).

Editor-in-Chief: Léopold Lambert
Editorial assistant: Flora Hergon & Noelle Geller
Contributing copyeditor: Maxwell Donnewald
Contributing translator: Chanelle Adams (French) & Felicia Yong (Cantonese)

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CONTENTS ///

Cover Proletarian FortressesThe Funambulist 16 Index

COVER | “POOL PARTY” IN CAIRO
Léopold Lambert

2 | RESISTING THE DEMOLITION OF BASQUE FRONTONS IN EUSKADI
Ula Iruretagoiena & Ibon Salaberria

4 | THE STRUGGLE OF DHAKA AUTO-RICKSHAW DRIVERS AGAINST UBER
Parsa Sajid

6 | RESISTING DEBT AND COLONIAL DISASTER IN POST-MARIA PUERTO RICO
Marisol LeBrón & Javier Arbona

— MAIN /// PROLETARIAN FORTRESSES
10 | INTRODUCTION

Léopold Lambert

14 | RUMOR HAS IT: NEIGHBORHOOD REVOLTS AND SELF-CONSTRUCTION IN MOROCCO
Soraya El Kahlaoui

20 | THE INVISIBLE CITY: EXISTENCE AND RESISTANCE IN THE PERIPHERIES OF LISBON
Ana Naomi de Sousa & António Brito Guterres

26 | WHOSE GRAND PARIS? ROMA EXCLUSION AND URBAN EXPANSION IN FORTRESS EUROPE
Henry Shah

32 | OUR FIRE THIS TIME! THE FAVELA AS ZONE OF DEATH AND INSURGENT SPATIALITY
Jaime A. Alves

38 | JABALIA & THE INTIFADA: TRANSFORMING PRECARIOUSNESS INTO STRENGTH IN GAZA’S REFUGEE CAMPS
Ahmed al Shanti

42 | (UN)MAKING QALANDIA: POLITICIZED SPATIAL PRACTICES OF THE PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMP
Ahmad Alaqra

54 | STUDENTS: THE RIGHT TO WATER
Majed Abdulsamad, Jun Seong Ahn, Maria Isabel Carrasco, & Haochen Yang

48 | FAR FROM THE WESTERN FETISH, THE KOWLOON WALLED CITY
Sharon Lam

52 | INHABITING CASABLANCA’S WORKER QUARTERS OF COSUMAR & SOCICA
L’Uzine

56 | STUDENTS: POST-WAR INFORMAL RECONSTRUCTION STRATEGIES IN ALEPPO
Aleksander Nowak

58 | STUDENTS: PLANTS TO MAKE PROSFYGIKA BEAUTIFUL, STONES TO MAKE HER SAFE
Ida Helen Skogstad


EDITORIAL NOTE ///

It is important to note that one aspect of this issue is problematic as, for the first time since the first issue of the magazine, it counts a larger number of male contributors than female ones. Although we never set a rule to ourselves that it should always be otherwise, and that the fact that such an imbalance was never even close to happen earlier is mostly due to our interest in good and powerful writing, I personally regret that this came about in this particular issue and I am, of course, the only person to blame for it. My apologies to you readers are extended to the contributors themselves, who, whether female or male, probably did not wish to be part of this situation.
Léopold Lambert, editor-in-chief.

A QUICK LOOK INSIDE THE ISSUE ///

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