photograph by
2.1 HEBRON, 2007 The matching stones inlaid in the windows are the visual seal of the confiscation of the house from the Palestinian family who lived in it.

The Power of Inclusive Exclusion (Zone books) is a book that I will probably write about several times in the coming days. It was published last year and was edited by Adi Ophir, Michal Givoni & Sari Hanafi. This book is actually a collection of essays (including one by Eyal Weizman) linking spatial and territorial issues with legal investigations within the frame of the Palestinian struggle against the Israeli occupation.

The chapter that I want to reproduce here is the second photographic dossier of the book edited by Ariella Azoulay.

photograph by Dafna Kaplan
2.2 LUBAN A-SHARQIYAH, NORTH OF RAMALLAH, 2003 Under the trappings of a military outpost – the Israeli flag, barbed-wire fencing and camouflage netting – is a Palestinian home. The army needed to position itself at this site, and the family living there was removed indefinitely.

photograph by Keren Manor
2.3 HEBRON, 2007 Concrete modules stretch across the street between two houses. Behind them, Jews reside in houses previously inhabited by Palestinians. In front of them dwell Palestinians whose city – over half of it – is blocked to them, and they are prohibited from moving in other parts. In addition to these walls that obstruct movements in the streets, Hebron also contains sixteen manned checkpoints.

photograph by B’tselem
2.4 BEIT HANOUN, DURING THE SECOND INTIFADA A direct hit to the middle of the bridge disabled it. The army, suspecting that launchers of Qassam rockets use this bridge in order to transport rockets, justified blocking any Palestinian movement between Gaza and Beit Hanoun.

photograph by Miki Kratsman
2.5 JAAYOUS, 2002 In places where the Wall has separated Palestinians from their fields, schools, and workplaces, gates have been erected for the local population open three times a day. Eighty-seven such gates are scattered along the Separation Wall. Every gate is the site of a new waiting line, a tool for stealing time.

photograph by B’tselem
2.6 BETWEEN QALQILIYA AND TUL KARM, 2003 At places where the topography has provided a “natural” gap in the Separation Wall, the army makes do with barbed wire.

photograph by Miki Kratsman
2.7 BEIT UR AL-TAHTA, 2001 Before erecting the Separation Wall, the army delinqueated separation with concrete blocks such as the one in the photograph. After the Wall was built, the blocks remained to create “local separations”. Hundreds of separation lines now crisscross the West Bank with commodities at back-to-back installations, where two trucks meet, the one laden with produce, the other empty, and wares are transferred, has not solved food shortage, so Palestinians improvise their own “back-to-back” operations over such concrete blocks.

photograph by Miki Kratsman
2.8 BEIT UR AL-THATA, 2001 Any improvisation is a provocation of the occupier. The abundant rubble from home demolitions had served to cover the concrete blocks and the space in between them that enabled the transfer of goods from one side to the other. The army does not rescind its monopoly, even in the “back-to-back” domain. A while after such an improvised site was installed by Palestinians, the army blocked it.