Mulberry Harbours were unfoldable harbours developed during the Second World War in order for the allies to constitute a basis able to make all the cargo land in Arromanches (Normandy). Apart from the bridges and piers, what is very interesting here is the constitution of a seawall in order to break the waves that could have -and that actually had- avoid the harbour to function. This seawall was composed by ships in the surface and enormous concrete caissons (called Phoenix) that was filled with water or sand and sank in order to break the deeper currents.
If you are interested to know more I recommend this US Navy’s history’s website.
This article seemed relevant within the frame of Transit-City’s next workshop in Paris on February 19th which will discuss about the military understanding of urban issues and design.
Still in our thematic SEA, you can read BLDG BLOG article about the offshore city of Oil Rock in Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea.
An obvious reference linking architecture and the sea comes from Jacques Rougerie
‘s work since the beginning of the 70′s. Rougerie did invent a lot of boats, submarines and subaquatic villages and farms and keep creating some of them nowadays. He works on a barge on the Seine in Paris and owns an amphibian car to link his passion to his working environment…
Atlantikwall/ mur de l’Atlantique/ Atlantic wall was the german sea side protection from allied attack from 1941 to 1945.( more here )
Following I’ll show you some of the amazing concrete bunkers/blochaus that have been built by the german Army to protect the coast from Norway to France.
Today most of this buildings are crumbling into parts, or sinking in the beach sand…
-I made a special SEA thematic selection with only sinking bunkers.
NDLR decided to surf the same wave than us and is providing a SEA article called Endless Waves
picture: Dustin Hemphrey for INSIGHT
Malibu pier (CA)
The jetty/ the pier between earth and sea is an architectural icone.
Following is a serie of pictures of pier, jetty, warf that are pretty impressive.
Those examples are mostly in Califonia, France or England. Those construction are made of wood, steel , cast iron or concrete they have been build for fishing, leisure, or promenade and each of it is carrying by his style and his materiality the memory of his time.
(any other proposition of cool piers are welcome to enlarge this post!)
here you can see “La jetée”, the short movie of Chris Marker
more about UK’s pier
Maunsell towers are situated at the very end of the Thames’ estuary and it used to protect its access during WWII. For more information go to this website
Following is an extract of a beautiful series of pictures of Shipwreck.
I really like the timeless aspect of those ships waitng their slow destruction by outside elements.
They looks like ruins in a desert, with no real scale … just amazing!